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History of the ancient walls of Sorrento (2)

On each bastion there was a little tower called "garetta" used by sentinels to control the main sides of the walls. Then, each bastion was provided with a couple of embrasures on each side. The Bastion of San Valerio (or Parsano Vecchia) is the western and bigger one, thanks to its cuneiform and irregular shape, very useful to better control the most dangerous part of the southern side.
Next to the Parsano Nuova Gate, there are the Bastion of Sant'Antonino (or Sovradonno), provided with an internal room (still used), a beautiful tower (almost entirely destroyed) and the embrasures, still visible on the receding side. Moving towards the Vallone dei Mulini, there are the Bastions of Sant'Attanasio (or Bagnagatti) and San Renato (or Sant'Agnello del vico), built with simpler structures due to their position just upon the deep slope of the Vallone. From the last Bastion there was a short "cortina" to the ancient Castle and the main gate (Sant'Antonino Gate), once standing in the ancient Piazza Castello and both destroyed in 19th century in order to create the present Piazza Tasso. On the top of the main gate there was the statue of Sant'Antonino, which is now placed in the middle of Piazza Tasso.
When Pedro Treviņo restored all the walls, the Parsano Nuova Gate didn't exist yet, since it was opened only in the Bourbon period, during the 18th century. It was opened on the southern side of the town to create an easier access to the developing hills area, which was difficult to reach because of the natural presence of three deep "valloni" all around the town.
The opening of the gate was just the first step of a long series of urbanistic changes which led to the opening of Corso Italia, the destruction of the Castle and the filling up of the ending part of Vallone dei Mullini (to create Piazza Tasso), and, during last century, the filling up of the Vallone outside Parsano Nuova gate and, finally, the building of Via degli Aranci.
The recent restoration of the Bastion of Porta Parsano, with its vice-royal access ramp and gate, is part of a series of interventions which, in the future, will allow to extend the public access route towards Villa Fiorentino (and its splendid gardens) and towards the Vallone dei Mulini. Tourists and citizens will be able to admire not only the historical ruins but also the archaic beauty of the tufa rocks and its luxurious vegetation, which is full of ferns and other rare plants, thanks to a unique natural environment.


From the 1th April to 31 May you can visit the Parsano Bastion all days from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.. From 06/01 to 08/31 from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.and from 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.. From 09/01 to 09/31 from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.and from 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.. From 10/01 to 10/31 from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.
The visit is free.

Entrance from via Sersale.

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